Ayatollah Khomeini was one of the most famous Muslim leaders that came to power way before the time of Osama bin Laden. He began experiencing loss at a young age when his father was murdered by bandits and both his mother and aunt who raised him later passed away. He then began learning the Islamic science, philosophy and literature with the guiding hand of his older brother. Not long after, he became one of the leading authorities in theological law. He then delved into politics and openly showed his protest against the imprisonment and torture of people by the Shah of Iran.
Because of his efforts to voice out his criticism of the Shah’s regime and it’s foreign influence, he got arrested a few times and was later forced to move abroad. But his vocal protest gained him a lot of devoted followers who were continuing to grow in numbers. A few years later during the exile of the Shah, he returned to Iran. He began exercising full authority in the nation and declared Iran to be an Islamic republic. His rise was considered by many Muslims to be the motivation for political renewal.