Mohandas Gandhi was the leader of the Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. He was born into a merchant caste family. After his father died, he was sent to England to study law. He returned to India a few years later and accepted a position to assist on a lawsuit in South Africa. There he helped in the efforts to put a stop in the ongoing discrimination against the Indian minority. He founded the Natal Indian Congress and played a part in the Boer War. And there began his pursuit of leading India to freedom and independence.
He employed and taught his followers the nonviolent civil disobedience as a means of fighting for their cause. He made it a point to practice nonviolence and truth in every situation. He practiced sexual abstinence and made it a point to renounce modern technology. He lived on a vegetarian diet and he took long fasts for self-purification and also as social protest.
On January 30, 1948, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse who fired three bullets to Gandhi’s chest. To this day, Gandhi’s influence still lives not only in India but all over the world. His birthday, October 2, was proclaimed a world-wide holiday called the International Day of Nonviolence.